... Barbados lily Hippeastrum reginae .  The tepals are united at the base to form a short tube, usually with a rudimentary scaly paraperigonium with fimbriae or a callose ridge present at the throat. de Didot Jeune Edition: 2. éd. The leaves represent the protection, purpose, growth and development of the Huntington's community worldwide in its search for a cure and treatment.  "Amaryllis" is also used in the name of some societies devoted to the genus Hippeastrum. Syst. Unplaced names include Hippeastrum ugentii, considered in the Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families as probably a Crinum. Best results are obtained by transplanting every three to four years.. Amaryllis reginae Additional title: Hippeastrum Reginae ; Amaryllis de la reine [Mexican Lily] Names Redouté, Pierre Joseph, 1759-1840 (Artist) Collection. Other flower colors include yellow and pale green with variations on these including multicoloring, with different colored mottling, stripes or edges on the petals. (St James's lily, Aztec lily, Jacobean lily), another member of the tribe Hippeastreae, originally called Amaryllis formosissima, which is apomictic. Although the market is dominated by the Netherlands, and South Africa, other areas of production include Israel, Japan and the United States (Florida). Brief  The genus is thought to have originated in Brazil where at least 34 of the species have been found.  The Latin word equestris (of a knight, or horseman) may have been confused with equi (of a horse), or possibly Herbert was making a literary knight's move on the Linnaean term. The two families of bulbs have many similarities, both in looks and in growing habits.  Many will bloom year after year provided they are given a dormant period in a cool, dark place for two months without water or fertilizer although some bulbs will start growing before the two-month period is up. Bulbs are often described by the country of origin of the bulb producers, since they may have different characteristics, e.g. The larger the bulb, the more flowers it will produce. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. The reduced size of the inner head and shoulders image symbolizes the diminution in a person caused by Huntington's disease. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Hippeastrum . They require warmth, frequent watering, and should not be given a dormant period. (No wikidata item is associated with this category) Wikispecies has an entry on: Hippeastrum reginae. The genus Hippeastrum has about 90 species and hundreds of cultivars. [verification needed], Some species, such as the Uruguayan Hippeastrum petiolatum, are sterile and unable to produce seeds.  The widely used logo represents a double image of a head and shoulders as the flower of a growing and vibrant plant. The same requirements for light apply to indoor plants too. No common name has yet been provided in this category. Common Name: amaryllis . In 1819 Herbert had proposed Leopoldia as a nomen provisorium (provisional name) for the same taxon as he called Hippeastrum in 1821. Name Language; Mexican lily: English: Propose photo. , Hippeastrum cultivars and species can be grown inside in pots or outside in warmer climates (Hardiness 7B-11). Common Name(s): hippeastrum [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: ... Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. Following Filippo Parlatore in 1845, the name Leopoldia was used for a genus of grape hyacinth species, allied to Muscari. The following species were considered threatened or vulnerable by degradation of their natural habitat, according to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species in 1997. fil.)  Separate common names are used to describe the genus Amaryllis, e.g., "Naked Lady". [excluded] Show All Show Tabs. Bulbs sold as amaryllis and described as ready to bloom for the holidays belong to the genus Hippeastrum. For more multimedia, look at Hippeastrum reginae on Wikimedia Commons . L 63)", "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Hippeastrum", "Huntington's Disease Association Northern Ireland", International Union for Conservation of Nature, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hippeastrum&oldid=991284911, Articles with incomplete citations from June 2020, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from June 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from November 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from June 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 07:29. It thrives best in partial shade to full sun. is a synonym of Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. The major US contribution came from the work of Henry Nehrling and Theodore Mead, whose hybrids crossed with Dutch stock have produced some modern hybrids, although not matching the European strains. (awtor)|Herb.]]. Description. For instance the 'knight's star' has been compared to Linnaeus' decoration as a Knight of the Order of the Polar Star. , Although the 1987 decision settled the question of the scientific name of the genus, the common name "amaryllis" continues to be used. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. Hybrids include Hippeastrum × 'Johnsonii'. Mexican lily. , In vitro 2.0 2.1; Gikan sa gawas nga tinubdan  A fungal disease attacking Hippeastrum is Stagonospora curtisii (red blotch, red leaf spot or red fire). Waray hini subspecies nga nakalista. William Herbert in Curtis's Botanical Magazine which he expanded in 1821 in The Botanical Register, identifying 14 species of the new genus of Hippeastrum, and only leaving three species in Amaryllis. , At the time both South African and South American plants were placed in this same genus. , While interspecific hybrids of Hippeastrum are relatively common, hybridization with other genera of Amaryllidaceae are more rare. This name is a synonym of Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb.. , Of the many hybrids, the best known are those producing flowers with red, pink, salmon, orange and white colors. Ang Hippeastrum reginae sakop sa kahenera nga Hippeastrum sa kabanay nga Amaryllidaceae. 0. Traub & Moldenke Aschamia reginae (L.) Salisb. It was transferred to Hippeastrum by William Herbert. Espesye sa tanom nga asparagos nga una nga gihulagway ni Carl von Linné, ug nga gihatagan sa eksakto nga ngalan ni [[Herb ang Hippeastrum reginae. Three main methods are used for propagating Hippeastrum: seeds, bulbils and 'twin scales'. One mechanism that limits self-pollination is that of self-incompatibility by which seeds are only produced by pollination from other plants. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. All of the plants in PlantFile are fully documented covering an overview of the plant that includes a description, natural habitat and how the plant is commonly used. Many will bloom year after year provided they are given a dormant period in a cool, dark place for two months without water or fertilizer although some bulbs will start growing before the two-month period is up. (Amaryllis belladonna)", "Getting your Hippeastrum (Amaryllis) to Bloom", International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, "On the culture of the Guernsey Lily, and other bulbs of the genera, "An enumeration and classification of the species of, "Descriptions of New Genera and Species of Plants Collected on the Mulford Biologial Exploration of the Amazon Valley, 1921–1922", "Influence of bulb packing systems on forcing of Dutch-grown Hippeastrum (Amaryllis) as flowering potted plants in North America", "Various Cutting Methods For the Propagation of, "Anxiolytic-, antidepressant- and anticonvulsant-like effects of the alkaloid montanine isolated from, "Systematics of Amaryllidaceae based on cladistic analysis of plastid sequence data", "Phylogeny of the American Amaryllidaceae Based on nrDNA ITS Sequences", "Tilting at windmills: 20 years of Hippeastrum breeding", "A review of medicinal plant research at the University of the West Indies, Jamaica, 1948–2001", UNIVERSITATEA DE ŞTIINŢE AGRONOMICE ŞI MEDICINĂ VETERINARĂ, "Effects of light on the propagation and growth of bulbs of, "Towards a Molecular Understanding of the Biosynthesis of Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids in Support of Their Expanding Medical Use", "Critical review of Sealy's "Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, "Hippeastrum incantator in fiecare casa (Delightful Hippeastrum in every home)", "Amaryllis and Alstroemeria: Old Crops, New Potential", "Understanding and Producing Amaryllis (Hort. , Genus of flowering plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, This article is about a genus of South American bulbs whose cultivars are commonly sold as, (Monogr. His 1878 classification included 47 species, reduced to 38 by 1888. Hippeastrum cultivars and species can be grown inside in pots or outside in warmer climates (Hardiness 7B-11). ... Common names.  Herbert further refined his descriptions of Hippeastrum in his work on the Amaryllidaceae in 1837. Most of the cut stems are the "large-flowered hybrids", often of obscure parentage, though many are derived from Hippeastrum vittatum (L’Hérit.) In 1803 John Sims claimed Curtis had made a mistake in this attribution, and that; "this name was given from the remarkable likeness the front view of it has to a star of some of the orders of knight-hood; an appearance well expressed by JACQUIN's figure in the Hortus Schoenbrunnensis", Despite much speculation, there is no definitive explanation of either Linnaeus fils or Herbert's thinking. Hippeastrum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Spodoptera picta (crinum grub) as well as Pseudococcidae (mealybugs), large, and small narcissus bulb flies (Eumerus strigatus and E. funeralis), thrips, mites, aphids, snails and slugs. , In 1946, two Dutch growers moved to South Africa and began cultivation there. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a … The commonest bulbs measure 10 1⁄2 to 12 1⁄2 inches (27 to 32 cm) with two scapes with four to six flowers each depending on the cultivar. Cultivars of Hippeastrum are popular indoor ornamental plants prized for their large brightly colored flowers (including red, pink, salmon, orange and white). As such they have a very important place in the floriculture trade for sale as cut flowers or potted plants. For instance in the 1870s and 1880s John Gilbert Baker considerably reorganised Hippeastrum. The perianth segments are subequal or unequal. Johnson's amaryllis is another name for this bulb, in honor of the hybridizer and English watchmaker, Mr. Johnson. Common Name: Botanical Latin Name: Family Name Amaryllis Hippeastrum (Amaryllidaceae) Apple; Flowering Apple, Crab Apple: Malus spp. 10 (1759) and Species Plantarum ed. You'll know this flowering houseplant as either Hippeastrum or Amaryllis. gave rise to H. x johnsonii hort.. H. gracilis (not a valid name) is also used.. H. 'Red Lion' most popular cut flower cultivar Note too, that Hippeastrum can also be grown in the ground in temperate areas. Hippeastrum petiolatum is a flowering perennial herbaceous bulbous plant, in the family Amaryllidaceae, native to Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru and Brazil.  In the gynaecium, the ovary is inferior and trilocular with pluriovulate locules. The plant's leaves should continue to grow after the flowers have faded. Gard.  Pollinators include Humming birds in subtropical areas, and moths.. Database with pictures, just click this link ! The rest of the Amaryllis species he transferred to other genera, several of which he created. His hybrid was being cultivated in the US by the mid-nineteenth century. The miniature evergreen Hippeastrum papilio or "butterfly amaryllis" whose petals resemble a butterfly (papilio) has a unique color and pattern with broad rose-burgundy center stripes and striations of pale green on the upper petals and narrow stripes on the bottom three. The name Hippeastrum was first given to the genus by Herbert, being derived from the Ancient Greek, meaning a "knight's star" from ἱππεύς (hippeus, mounted knight) and ἄστρον (astron, star), to describe the first recognized species, Hippeastrum reginae. Hippeastrum species are concentrated in two centres of diversity, the main one in Eastern Brazil and the other in the central southern Andes of Peru, Bolivia and Argentina, on the eastern slopes and nearby foothills. , Species are generally diploid with 2n=22 chromosomes, but some species, such as Hippeastrum iguazuanum, have 24. Most Hippeastrum bulbs are tunicate (a protective dry outer layer and fleshy concentric inner scales or leaf bases). Flowers are available in singles, doubles and miniatures. , Hippeastrum breeding began in 1799 when Arthur Johnson, a watchmaker in Prescot, England, crossed Hippeastrum reginae with Hippeastrum vitattum, obtaining hybrids that were later given the name Hippeastrum × 'Johnsonii'  (Johnson's amaryllis, 'hardy amaryllis' or St. Joseph's lily).  Many new hybrid lines followed as new species were sent to Europe from South America, the most important of which were Reginae and Leopoldii. Thus Amaryllis L. is the correct name for the South African genus, not the South American genus (Hippeastrum). In 1753 Carl Linnaeus created the name Amaryllis belladonna, the type species of the genus Amaryllis, in his Species Plantarum along with eight other Amaryllis species. Amaryllis (Hippeastrum) Hippeastrum, Large Flowering Amaryllis, Double Amaryllis, Cybister Amaryllis, Galaxy Amaryllis, Diamond Amaryllis, Spider Amaryllis (Hippeastrum) Amaryllis bulbs (Hippeastrum) are flowers of choice to take the gray chill out of winter with their audacious, sexy tropical-looking blossoms in the dead of winter! had described c. 1781-3 (unpublished) but soon after appearing in the Hortus Kewensis of 1789.  Furthermore, the plant generally releases its pollen about two days before its stigma is receptive, making cross-pollination more likely. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb.  For reference, these are:, As of November 2013[update], the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families accepts 91 species:. In addition, he included many new species being discovered in South America, particularly Chile. Hippeastrum … He states; "I have named [them] Hippeastrum or Knights-star-lily, pursuing the idea which gave rise to the name Equestris" (p.12).. This was accepted and Hippeastrum Herb. Hippéastre de la Reine, Amaryllis de la Reine. French. Hippeastrum petiolatum is a flowering perennial herbaceous bulbous plant, in the family Amaryllidaceae, native to Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru and Brazil. Some bulbs put up two flower scapes at the same time; others may wait several weeks between blooms and sometimes the second scape will have only two or three flowers rather than the usual four. H. vittatum x H. reginae (L.) Herb. The double flowers from Japan are particularly beautiful. Les liliacées. ~San. Johnson shared his work with the Liverpool Botanic Garden which was fortunate, since his greenhouse was destroyed in a fire.  The style is filiform, and the stigma trifid. , Since then a key question has been whether Linnaeus's original type was a South African plant (now Amaryllis) or a South American plant (now Hippeastrum).  One alkaloid isolated from Hippeastrum vittatum (montanine) has demonstrated antidepressant, anticonvulsant and anxiolytic properties. The androecium consists of six stamens with filiform (thread like) filaments, which are fasciculate (in close bundles) and declinate or ascendent. This paper sparked a debate over the next half century, that delayed the official transfer of species from Amaryllis to Hippeastrum. , Hippeastrum has yielded at least 64 isoquinoline alkaloids, which include anti-parasitic (e.g.  The name Hippeastrum, given to it by William Herbert, means "knight's star", although precisely what Herbert meant by the name is not certain. H.E. ... My name is Sandra, I have a wonderful husband, Joe, 3 of the best children ever, 5 dogs and now I am collecting Hippeastrums! Home propagation is best performed by using offset bulbils. Common name: Hippeastrums, amaryllis, hippies Botanic name: Hippeastrum cultivars Description: Bold trumpet-shaped flowers appear in late spring to summer on hollow stems 40cm to 50cm (18-22″) tall. Although most cultivars of Hippeastrum come from the Dutch and South African sources, bulbs are now being developed in the United States, Japan, Israel, India, Brazil and Australia. Plant database entry for Mexican Lily (Hippeastrum reginae) with one image and 23 data details. However, in 1795 William Curtis, described Amaryllis equestris or the Barbados lily in his Botanical Magazine, referring to Aiton: "The spatha is composed of two leaves, which standing up at a certain period of the plant's flowering like ears, give to the whole flower a fancied resemblance of a horse's head; whether LINNÆUS derived his name of equestris from this circumstance or not, he does not condescend to inform us.".